Study Sheet for Test Three


Chapter 8: The Presidency


Section 1: President and Vice President

President's Term and Salary

    The 22nd Amendment

    Salary and Benefits

Presidential Qualifications

    Constitutional Requirements

    Government Experience

    Importance of Money

    Political Beliefs

    Personal Characteristics

    Personal Growth

Presidential Succession

    Order of Succession

        25th Amendment

    Presidential Disability

The Vice President's Role

    Standby Work

    Increased Responsibilities


Section 2: Electing the President

The Original System

The Impact of Political Parties

The System Today

    Electoral College Issues

    Election by the House

    Ideas for Reform

How the President Takes Office


Section 3: The Cabinet

The Selection of the Cabinet

    Major Factors in Making Appointments

    Background of Cabinet Members

    Nomination and Confirmation

The Role of the Cabinet

    Cabinet in History

    The Modern Cabinet

    Influence of Cabinet Members

Limiting the Cabinet's Role

    Conflicting Loyalties

    Internal Disputes

    Secrecy and Trust


Section 4: The Executive Office

Executive Office Agencies

    Organization and Growth

    The Office of Management and Budget (OMB)

    The National Security Council (NSC)

    The National Economic Council (NEC)

    Other EOP Agencies

The White House Office

    Organization and Growth

    Duties of the White House Staff



Chapter 9: Presidential Leadership


Section 1: Presidential Powers

Constitutional Powers

    Need for a Strong Executive

    Presidential Powers in Article II

Informal Sources of Power

    Ideas and Actions of Past Presidents

    Congress As a Source of Presidential Power

    Use of the Mass Media

Limits on Presidential Power

    Congressional Limitations

    Limitation by the Federal Courts

    Limitation by the Bureaucracy

    Public Opinion


Section 2: Roles of the President

Head of State

Chief Executive

    Tools of Influence

        Executive Orders


    Reprieves and Pardons


Chief Legislator

    Line Item Veto

Economic Planner

Party Leader

Chief Diplomat


    Executive Agreements


Commander in Chief

    Power to Make War

    Military Strategy


Section 3: You Only Need to Know...

The Use of Executive Privilege


    United States v. Nixon




Chapter 10: The Federal Bureaucracy


Section 1: A Large and Complex Bureaucracy

Discretionary v. Non-discretionary functions

The Cabinet Departments

Independent Agencies

    Assisting the Executive Branch

    Government Corporations

Regulatory Commissions






Section 2: The Civil Service System


    The Spoils System

    Calls for Reform

    The Pendleton Act

The Civil Service System Today

    Getting a Job

    Benefits and Problems

    The Hatch Act

Political Appointees in Government

    People at the Top

    Short Tenure


Section 3: The Bureaucracy and Public-Policy Decisions

Influencing Policy

    Making Rules

    Involvement in Lawmaking

    Settling Disputes

    Providing Advice

Why Bureaucracy Makes Policy

    National Growth and Technology

    International Crises

    Economic Problems

    Citizen Demands

    The Nature of Bureaucracy


Section 4: Influences on Bureaucratic Decision Making

The Influence of Congress

    New Legislation

    The Power of the Budget

The Influence of the Courts

    Challenging Procedures

    Success in Court Cases

The Influence of Client Groups

    Iron Triangles

Agency Influence




ALSO:  Know all articles assigned since the last test.