Study Sheet for Test Three

Chapter 8: The Presidency


Section 1: President and Vice President

President's Term and Salary

    The 22nd Amendment

    Salary and Benefits

Presidential Qualifications

    Constitutional Requirements

    Government Experience

    Importance of Money

    Political Beliefs

    Personal Characteristics

    Personal Growth

Presidential Succession

    Order of Succession

        25th Amendment

    Presidential Disability

The Vice President's Role

    Modern Responsibilities


Section 2: Electing the President

The Original System

The Impact of Political Parties

The System Today

Electoral College Issues

    Winner Take All

    Third-Party Candidates

    Election by the House

    Ideas for Reform

    Direct Popular Election

The Inauguration


Section 3: The Cabinet

The Selection of the Cabinet

    Major Factors in Making Appointments

    Background of Cabinet Members

    Nomination and Confirmation

The Role of the Cabinet

    Cabinet in History

    The Modern Cabinet

    Influence of Cabinet Members

Factors Limiting the Cabinet's Role

    Conflicting Loyalties

    Secrecy and Trust


Section 4: The Executive Office

Executive Office Agencies

    Organization and Growth

    The Office of Management and Budget (OMB)

    The National Security Council (NSC)

    The Council of Economic Advisors

    Other EOP Agencies

The White House Office

    Organization and Growth

    Duties of the White House Staff



Chapter 9: Presidential Leadership


Section 1: Presidential Powers

Constitutional Powers

    Need for a Strong Executive

    Presidential Powers in Article II

Informal Sources of Power

    Personal Exercise of Power

    Immediate Needs of the Nation

    Mandate of the People

Limits on Presidential Power

    Congressional Limitations

    Limitation by the Federal Courts

    Limitation by the Bureaucracy

    Public Opinion


Section 2: Roles of the President

Head of State

Chief Executive

    Tools of Influence

        Executive Orders


    Reprieves and Pardons


Chief Legislator

    The President's Legislative Program

    Tools of Presidential Lawmaking

Economic Planner

Party Leader


Chief Diplomat


    Executive Agreements


Commander in Chief

    Power to Make War

    Military Strategy


Section 3: You Only Need to Know...

The Use of Executive Privilege


    United States v. Nixon (1974)




Chapter 10: The Federal Bureaucracy


Section 1: Bureaucratic Organization

Discretionary v. Non-discretionary functions (not in the book, but you should know it anyway)

The Cabinet Departments


Independent Agencies

    Assisting the Executive Branch

    Government Corporations

Regulatory Commissions




    Cutting the Federal Workforce

    Promoting Competition



Section 2: The Civil Service System


    The Spoils System

    Calls for Reform

    The Pendleton Act

The Civil Service System Today

    Getting a Job

    Benefits and Problems

    The Hatch Act

Political Appointees in Government

    People at the Top

    Short Tenure


Section 3: The Bureaucracy and Public-Policy Decisions

Influencing Policy

    Making Rules


    Involvement in Lawmaking

    Settling Disputes

    Providing Advice

Why Bureaucracy Makes Policy

    National Growth and Technology

    International Crises

    Economic Problems

    Citizen Demands

    The Nature of Bureaucracy

Influencing Bureaucratic Decisions

    The Influence of Congress

        Liaison officers

        budget powers

    The Influence of the Courts

    Success in Court Cases

The Influence of Client Groups

        Iron Triangles

        Agencies Influencing one another




ALSO:  Know all articles assigned since the last test.