Terms for Test One

Chapter 2

Section 1

English Political Heritage

Limited Government

Magna Carta

English Bill of Rights

Representative Government

John Locke

Second Treatise on Civil Government

Government in the Colonies

Written Constitutions

Mayflower Compact

Fundamental Orders of Connecticut

Colonial Legislatures

Virginia House of Burgesses

Separation of Powers


Section 2

American and Britain

"Salutary Neglect"

Britain Tightens Control

George III

Stamp Act of 1765

Boston Tea Party

Colonial Unity

Albany Plan of Union

Stamp Act Congress

"Committees of Correspondence"

The Intolerable Acts

The First Continental Congress

The Second Continental Congress

The Declaration of Independence

Key Parts of the Declaration

First State Constitutions


Section 3

Government Under the Articles of Confederation

Weaknesses of the Articles

Achievements of the Articles

Need for Stronger Government

Financial Difficulties

Shays's Rebellion

Annapolis Convention


Section 4

The Constitutional Convention


Key Agreements Between the Delegates

Decisions and Compromises

The Virginia Plan

The New Jersey Plan

The Connecticut Compromise

The Three-Fifths Compromise

The Commerce and Slave Trade Compromise

Ratifying the Constitution

Federalists and Anti-Federalists

The Bill of Rights

The Federalist



Chapter 3

Section 1

Structure of the Constitution

The Preamble (MEMORIZE!)

Seven Articles (Know them all)

27 Amendments

Major Principles

    1. Popular Sovereignty

    2. Federalism

    3. Separation of Powers

    4. Checks and Balances

    5. Judicial Review

    6. Limited Government


Section 2

Amending the Constitution

Proposing Amendments (Both Methods)

Ratifying Amendments (Both Ways)

Congress Sets the Rules

Barriers to Success

The Case of the Equal Rights Amendment (ERA)


Section 3



Section 4

Informal Changes in the Constitution

Congressional Actions

    Changes Through Law

    Congressional Practices

Presidential Practices

    Presidential Succession

    Foreign Affairs

    Domestic Affairs

Court Decisions

   Marbury v. Madison

    Judicial Review (Judicial Restraint and Activism)

    Changing Court Rulings

Custom and Usage


Chapter 4

Section 1

Division of Powers

    Expressed/Enumerated Powers

    Implied Powers (Article I, 8)

    Inherent Powers

    State Government/Reserve Powers

    The Supremacy Clause

    Concurrent Powers

    Denied Powers

    Obligations to the States

    Obligations of the States

The Supreme Court as Umpire


Section 2

States' Rightists Versus Nationalists

Growing National Government

    War Powers

    Commerce Power

Federal Aid to the States

Politics and Spending

Shifting Responsibilities


Section 3

Interstate Relations

Full Faith and Credit

Privileges and Immunities


Interstate Compacts

Law Suits Between States

Admission of New States

Congress Admits

    Enabling Act

Conditions for Admission

Quality of the States


Section 4

Federalism and Public Policy

Federalism and Political Parties

Political Participation

Differences Among the States



Additionally, be prepared to answer questions on any or all of the readings we have done outside the book.